Aptitude & Achievement



Universal Nonverbal Intelligence Test - Second Edition

Bruce A. Bracken, Ph.D., R. Steve McCallum, Ph.D.


Specialized tasks that measure cognitive abilities & intelligence


The UNIT 2 is designed to provide a fair assessment of intelligence for individuals who have speech, language, or hearing impairments; have different cultural or language backgrounds; or are verbally uncommunicative.

Key Features:

  • All new normative sample
  • All new studies of reliability and validity, including studies of diagnostic accuracy, particularly rigorous techniques involving the computation of sensitivity, specificity, and receiver operating characteristics/area under the curve (ROC/AUC)
  • New upward extension of normative tables through age 21 years 11 months
  • New quantitative subtests replace Object Memory and Mazes
  • An entirely nonverbal stimulus-and-response administration format
  • Abbreviated Battery, Standard Battery With Memory, Standard Battery Without Memory, and Full Scale Battery versions
  • Provides a fair assessment of culturally and linguistically different examinees, including deaf and hard of hearing individuals

Key Areas Measured

  • Symbolic Memory
  • Nonsymbolic Quantity
  • Analogic Reasoning
  • Spatial Memory
  • Numerical Series
  • Cube Design
  • Memory
  • Reasoning
  • Quantitative



Gray Oral Reading Tests - Fifth Edition

J. Lee Wiederholt, Ph.D., Brian R. Bryant, Ph.D.


Provides an objective measure of oral reading and growth for individuals ages 6 to 23


The GORT-5 tests provide an objective measure of oral reading and growth for individuals between the ages of 6 and 23 years. Results aid in the diagnosis of oral reading difficulties, and can also be used to measure changes in oral reading over time.

  • New normative data were collected from 2008-2010
  • Norms were extended upwards to age 23 years, 11 months
  • Basal and ceiling rules were streamlined to make administration easier and more efficient
  • Comprehension questions were completely revised, and studies were provided to show that the items are passage dependent
  • Reliability and validity studies were added
  • The overall look of the test was updated

Key Areas Measured

  • Rate
  • Accuracy
  • Fluency
  • Comprehension
  • Oral Reading Index



Test of Word Reading Efficiency - Second Edition

Joseph K. Torgesen, Ph.D., Richard Wagner, Ph.D., Carol A. Rashotte, Ph.D.



Measures individuals ability to pronounce printed words accurately and fluently for ages 6 to 24


A measure of an individual's ability to pronounce printed words (Sight Word Efficiency) and phonemically regular nonwords (Phonemic Decoding Efficiency) accurately and fluently.

  • Fast administration makes the test an efficient means of monitoring the growth of two kinds of word reading skills
  • New normative data
  • Extensively revised manual
  • Additional word lists have been added to subtests

Key Areas Measured

  • Sight Word Efficiency
  • Phonetic Decoding Efficiency